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The Bible and Mental Health | Speaking the Unspeakable

Remember, LORD, what the Edomites did
on the day Jerusalem fell.
‘Tear it down,’ they cried,
‘tear it down to its foundations!’
Daughter Babylon, doomed to destruction,
happy is the one who repays you
according to what you have done to us.
Happy is the one who seizes your infants
and dashes them against the rocks.

Psalm 137:7–9


I doubt this is anyone’s favourite psalm.

It’s a psalm we often sweep under the carpet or pretend doesn’t exist. It’s a Psalm of anger and pain, unflinching in its naming of human emotions in the face of deep trauma.

The people of Israel had been brutally attacked and taken into exile by the superpower of the time. They had lost everything – homes, land, loved ones, everything they thought made them who they were – and been forcibly displaced to a strange land where they lived as a minority conquered people. And now, in Babylon, their captors torment them by asking for songs from their lost homeland.

The trauma of war is etched all over the pages of Scripture, and the toll trauma takes is heavy with every word of Psalm 137. Deep trauma shatters a person, and a people. It takes away life as we know it, all the anchors that keep us safe, the things we believe about the world, ourselves, and God. Trauma is so painful that it escapes words and narrative, and comes through in fragments, shards, and outbursts. Very little is said in the Old Testament about life in exile. There is before, and after. But the exile itself is too traumatic to say much about it.

And yet, we know – from long human experience, as well as science – that the aftereffects of traumatic events do not go away unless the events and their impact are named. There is no silver bullet to solve mental health challenges, but one thing always helps: truth. Psalm 137 is a truth-telling psalm, naming the depth of pain and anger the people feel, and the depth of damage done to them – which, surely, warrants anger.

But this is still a psalm. Honestly expressed emotions are not free-floating, allowed to take just any shape. They’re expressed within a prayer, within the relationship of the people with the God who has promised to be with them always. True and honest feelings are voiced within a safe place, a place of being known and loved – and there they can begin to be transformed.

Psalm 137 challenges us to ask deep questions of ourselves and our communities: how do we nurture complete honesty with God in our worship and prayer, in ways that are both safe and unflinching? How can we say this psalm in solidarity with those for whom this kind of trauma is today’s reality?

Revd Prebendary Dr Isabelle Hamley
Secretary for Theology and Theological Adviser to the House of Bishops

How can you come alongside those who have or are suffering the unspeakable? Join the conversation in the comments below. 

Watch and discuss our event Wisdom Lab: Strength in Weakness where Isabelle, along with Revd Dr John Swinton and Revd Dr Chris Cook, explores how as Christians God works in and through our limitations and struggles.


The Bible and Mental Health | Seeing the Invisible 4/4


  1. Everyone is suffering and everyone is insecure. We all wear our masks differently in the search of trust through honest, open and transparent communication.
    God bless

    By Peter Craven  -  6 Jun 2022
  2. Excellent reflection on God’s world. I am being healed by psychiatric medication and insight by the grace of God. After 39 years of mental illness my Consultant psychiatrist plans to reduce my medication so that I will not require any within the next year. (I have taken psych meds continuously for 39 years and have had ECT in the 1980’s.) Truth and grace to face pain are essential.

    By William McKnight  -  6 Jun 2022
  3. Looking forward to learning from Scripture and it’s application to becoming more mentally healthy.

    By William McKnight  -  6 Jun 2022
  4. Thank you for the compassionate and realistic acceptance in your study of this psalm. And thank God it’s in the Bible!

    By Beth  -  6 Jun 2022
  5. An excellent service

    By Gillian  -  10 Jun 2022
  6. I like receiving LICC prayers & information
    It is helpful in my daily life
    Thank you !

    By Gillian  -  10 Jun 2022
  7. Psalm 137 has real, raw relevance for my husband, Steve, who lost both sets of grandparents in the Holocaust. I feel the answer to your question, ‘how can we stand in solidarity with those for whom this kind of trauma is today’s reality?’ might begin to be answered by a fresh look at the Scriptures and they relate to how we so called Christians have treated God’s ancient people.
    “Comfort, comfort My People”, reads Isaiah 40, (v1.), while Romans 11 clearly presents God’s plan of mercy intended for both Jew and Gentile, especially as we, (the latter group), extend the same mercy towards them that we have received. (vs 30-32.) Sadly, instead, the so called ‘Christian Church’ has historically taken the very attitude which Paul, in his writing, warned us against, that of ‘boasting over branches that were cut off’ (vs 17-18,) ie those – (the majority, in Paul’s day and in ours), of Jewish people who have not yet recognised their Messiah, instead of ‘trembling’ as we realise it is only our faith that keeps us secure in Him. (vs 20ff.)
    Perhaps if we truly started to acknowledge not only our immense debt to the Jewish people for our Scriptures, the patriarchs, our very own Messiah, in Whom is all our hope, together with the shocking and disgraceful way we have treated the Jews throughout history, (including the present day, by our ignorant dismissal and delegimisation of their only historic homeland), we might begin to see a healing of these ancient wounds and start to see the revival we all long for, as the ‘One New Humanity’ mentioned in Ephesians 2: 14-16 begins to take shape.
    ‘Weep with those who weep’, says Jesus. We have a long way to go, but by prayer, love, patience, dialogue, and above all lots of humility, we can at least begin this much needed journey.

    By Helen Stengel  -  26 Sep 2022

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